Key 2 of the seven guiding elements or Keys, are the rules from the former dispensation that are modified rules making them new, in the new dispensation.
The laws or rules of a dispensation comes from God. God gives the absolute for any modification that would be applied to the rules, and laws for the purpose of change.
Humanity does not have the right to fabricate any modification to the principles that God has given. Therefore, whenever a law of God is changed or modified for a dispensation, humanity needs to consult the revealed Word of God the Bible, which has to be the guiding principle for implementation for the dispensation in one's life. Just because humanity passes a law does not qualify it to be valid for humanity.
Example: marriage is ordained by God before sexual fulfillment, and any physical relationship, outside of marriage between a man and a woman is inherently evil and wrong. Humanity cannot change the universal truth of God, making it acceptable without damage to the existence of the holy universal truth of God. There are modifications from God allowing the penalty of disobedience to the contractual law of marriage, but the universal truth does not change.
Humanity is to extend judgment, however they are to honor and keep in place the holy universal truth of God, untouched. Humanity does not have the right to fabricate or make any modification to the universal principles of God. Furthermore, humanity will be held accountable now and for eternity in the ways they are carrying out God's universal truths, as they are conveying God's plan for the dispensation.
Modified rules that God makes, become a part of the new rules within the working operation of the dispensation, along with the rules that were not previously revealed. In rule two, which is one of the seven keys or guiding principles of dispensations, are rules that changed. These changes may affect the scientific discoveries, the living environment, the dietary rule, the governing rules, or the leading stewardship, in the dispensation operating at the time, and future dispensations, unless changed by Him.
Once changes are revealed, and are implemented for the new dispensation, they begin to govern the dispensation. When the changes relate to an absolute truth or absolute moral truth, they will not change the absolute truth, but the implementation can change in how it will be carried out.
(Example: Murder has always been an absolute truth and wrong, but the application of the just judgment as to the way the judgment was handled and applied, there was changes over the different dispensations. First, the Dispensation of Conscience, a mark from God was placed on an individual, Genesis 4:15-16. Followed by the Dispensation of Human Government, a life for a life, or the instituting of capital punishment, Genesis 9:5-6. Later more detail in the governing of the judgment for murder was given and written in the Mosaic Law, for the Dispensation of Promise, Exodus 20:13. Then in the Dispensation of Grace, combined with the just judgment of a court of law, the government will execute the judgment and punishment according to the law, Romans 13:4. Finally during the Dispensation of the Kingdom, execution of the offender will have a particular period of time to repent, Isaiah 65:20. However, murder has always been an absolute violation of the moral law of God - His justice, righteousness and holiness.).
Within the handling of the dispensation, the rules of the implementation of the changes will never violate absolute truth. Within it there are covenants, and when it comes to additional covenants, covenants can be given in a new dispensation. It's important to remember, a dispensation is not a covenant, but covenants are within dispensations. Covenants may find their fulfillment in the active dispensation or continue through it, and into the next. A modified rule within a dispensation does not nullify or modify a covenant or inverse the covenant. Remember a dispensation will end and another will start when all seven key elements are met, creating the reason for change. A covenant is fulfilled according to the original promise made when, originally given to an individual or a certain group of people.
Dispensations contain the information of operation, or the governing rules (new or modified) with the responsibilities of obedience for humanity to follow. These are the rules that God has established for the economy for the particular dispensation.
Modified rules of a dispensation are applicable to the entire world and requires humanity to follow these administration's rules. The entire world is affected by the operating dispensation equally, and each person is responsible to find, their individual responsibility, (Even though God has revealed a certain stewardship of leadership for the dispensation as His primary leaders, it does not exclude anyone from their accountability, but all humanity has the responsibility in seeking God according to rules set forth in the economy.). A dispensation would never end if humanity did not fail, and since humans fail, and will in the future fail, the redemptive working of God continues in each dispensation until His long-suffering comes to an end. Those whom receive God's redemptive gift while alive receive the promise of its completion at death, and for those individuals, the reuniting of the body with the spirit at the resurrection that gives eternal completion, Ephesians 1:13,14; I Thessalonians 4:13-18.
The following deals with the modified rules, and the universal rules with their modifications, but never changing their universality by the modification. Also, there are other rules which were revealed in a dispensation that became or will become modified in the next dispensation or dispensations.
Some of the modified changes found in the Dispensation of Innocence:
Because this is the very first dispensation and everything came into existence out of nothing, many of the following universal truths will follow forward to all dispensations, some laws will be modified in future dispensations. (Example the earth was created good, but with sin it became corrupted, resulting in decay, Romans 8:18-25. Fellowship changed as to the way God fellowshipped with humanity. The universal truth is that God wants us to have fellowship with Him, but it is different from the way humanity experienced in the Garden of Eden.) The following points are compared to eternity past prior to the creation of all things by God. When it comes to creation the word modified is used for CHANGE, because God created everything out of nothing, so modified here means changed from nothing.
- First change from eternity is unique because God created time and it began, Genesis 1:14-19, Isaiah 40:28,
- God entered into time not looking on, but entering into it - the infinite with the finite, Genesis1:1,2, Act 17:26-28, Psalms 94:9-13,18,19, Psalms 139, The infinite with the finite can be considered a modified change from eternity prior to God's creation, for the infinite walked and conversed with the finite.
- He created the heavens and earth and all its symmetry, the design of nature and life are modified from nothing to eternal existence, Genesis 1-2, John 1:1-4,14, Philippians 2:5-10, Revelation 21:1,
- God displys His glory, modified through showing Himself through creation, Psalms 19,
- God created a dispensation with the laws and rules for the maintaining of His world, modified from nothing existing before, Isaiah 44:24, 45:18,
- God created out of nothing, the laws of nature, Genesis 1:1, Hebrews 11:3, Isaiah 40:28-31,
- God Created the heavens and all its hosts, Angels - Cherubim, Genesis 1:1; 3:22-24, Hebrews 9:5, Ezekiel 10:4, and Seraphim, Isaiah 6:1-3, Living creatures, Revelation 4:6-9, Archangels, I Thessalonians 4:16, Jude 9,
- God created humanity in His image, Genesis 3:8-9, modifying His existence with humanities presence,
- God did have and desired to have continued fellowship with His creation showing a modification from eternity past, II Corinthians 13:14, John 17,
- God created humanity to bring Him glory, modification change from the pre-existence of humanity, Ephesians 1:3-6,
- God created the ability for humanity to be cognitive and cognizant of expression, feeling and have creativity as they lived, Genesis 2:7, 1:26-31,
- He gave them the ability to choose and obligatory responsibilities, Genesis 2:15-17, 1:28,
- God made plans before creation for humanity in their failures, Ephesians 1:4, II Timothy 1:9,
- He created - His creation to be eternal as He is eternal, Genesis 3:22, Ecclesiastes 3:11, Hebrews 2:14-15, Mathew 25:41,46, Mark 9: 44, 46, 48, modifying eternity to include humanity,
- God made humans the stewards of His created world, this included responsibility, and having a chain of command of unity and order, Genesis 2:15, 19-20,
Some of the Modifications found in the Dispensation of Conscience contrasted to the former dispensation and the future dispensations: The Modifications from here out will relate to things, which existed from creation and before the creation.
- Starting in the Dispensation of Conscience with sin, humanities relationship with God changed, God no longer walked with them in innocence inside the Garden of Eden, but now walks with them through an atonement, a redemptive sacrifice in a fallen world, Romans 5:17-20. The laws in relationship to humanities walk, will change in accordance with the atonement sacrifice, and with the introduction of prophets, priests, kings, and the redemption for humanity that Jesus Christ fulfilled.
- The Dispensation of Conscience, occurred after creation's beginning with Adam and Eve sinning, God expelled them from the Garden of Eden, which was a perfect environment that changed the location of the relationship, bringing into history the event that caused completion and ending of the old dispensation, and full-operation of the new dispensation, Genesis 3:22-24. A perfect environment again will not be seen or modified until the final dispensation called the Dispensation of the Fullness of time, Ephesians 1:10, Revelation 21:1-4, 22-27, Revelation 22.
- After the fall and sin, God deals with humanity by direct use of the Holy Spirit on man's conscience, Genesis 3:8-11; 6:3. Laws are added for humanities awareness of sin that result in our conscience responding to either a positive or negative reaction or feeling, Romans 3:20; Galatians 3:24; Romans 7:5, 7, 13.
Starting with the Dispensation of Conscience, conviction is given from God according to the dispensation in operation at the time, and will be working in conjunction and accordance to the stewardship of the family heads, judges, prophets, priests, kings, and ordained governments working along with conscience. The future Dispensation of the Kingdom, conscience will be convicting humans, working in accordance to Christ's rulership from David's throne as King, on earth, and the Holy Spirit. The conscience will be working until the final dispensation where the Theocracy is completely restored for all eternity, and all the redeemed will be in their glorified body.
- After the failure of the Dispensation of Innocence and humanity's sin in Adam, humanity could no longer possess the right to the Tree of Life or any other vegetation in the perfect environment, Genesis 3:22. These changes will go through all dispensations until the Eternal Kingdom called the Dispensation of the Fullness of Time, Revelation 22:1-6, Ephesians 1:10.
- Humanity's diet was modified from the Dispensation of Conscience, in the Garden of Eden which consisted only of fruit plants, it was modified to include meat. Humans originally were not meat eaters, Genesis 2:8, 9, 15-17, (However, in the modification the meat was to be eaten without the blood. The modification allowed humanity the priviledge to eat all kinds of animals, Genesis 9:1-4, and later in the Dispensation of Promise, the modification of eating only clean animals; the unclean animals were not to be eaten Leviticus 20:25-26. Animals have a universal classification as clean and unclean. Later in the Dispensation of Grace, humanity can again eat all kinds of animals, Romans 14, Colossians 2:15-23, Acts 10:9-15. The diet of Eden will not be back, or modified until the Millennial reign of Christ in the Dispensation of the Kingdom, Isaiah 11:1-9.),
- Animals in the Dispensation of Conscience were not feared or were killers of each other, there were those animals who by creation were scavengers (unclean animals), to clean up the earth, but animals did not attack each other until after the flood, Genesis 9:1-2 cf. Isaiah 11:1-6. However, this changed after the flood and will continue through other dispensations until the Eternal Kingdom. The use of animals were used for a sin sacrifice during the Dispensation of Conscience, before the flood, man did offer blood sacrifices; God instituted an atonement for sin, for it was required, but there is no record of humanity eating the animals, Genesis 3:21-24, 4:1-15,
- After sin, the environment started to break down, and the physical bodies started to decay, leading to death; also, humanity's livelihood would be effected by the sweat of one's efforts, noxious weeds, and their relationships to each would find difficulties, even the animal kingdom relationship to them changed, Genesis 3:14-20, Romans 5:17-20, Romans 8:18-23,
- Humanity died spiritually in their relationship to God with the sin of Adam and Eve, also, their relationship with their own body, soul and spirit changed, Ephesians 2:1-3, I Corinthians 2:14, Hebrews 4-12. Human's flesh became the primary control over directing the actions of his choices instead of the spirit that God created within each human. The human spirit died to spiritual behavior, Ephesians 2:1-3,
- Humanity started to die physically after the sin of Adam and Eve; having longevity of life, but they still died during the Dispensation of Conscience, ending in the next dispensation to a shorter life span, Genesis 4:8, Genesis 5, Romans 5:12-14. (The change to a shorter lifespan took place, in the Dispensation of Human Government, and will change again to longevity in the 'Millennial reign of Christ,' the Dispensation of the Kingdom, Isaiah 65:20. Of course the eternal dispensation, humanity will live in one of two places, Heaven or in the Lake of Fire forever, I Peter 1:3-5, I John 5:13, Revelation 20:10-15, 21:6-9).
Physical death does not mean soul sleep, annihilation or ceasing to exist, because humanity was created to be eternal, in the image of God, Ecclesiastes 3:9-14; 12; I Corinthians 5:1-8. Physical death is the separation of the spirit from the body until the resurrection of the body. At death the spirit of each human will spend its eternalness in one of two places, a place called hell, without the presence of God in torment, and the redeemed in heaven, in the presence of God, Matthews 25:46; Titus 1:2.
After, the resurrection of the body and the spirit of the non-believer, they will be united with their body, at the Great White Throne Judgment, and will spend the rest of eternity in the Lake of Fire, Jude 1:7; Revelation 20:11-15, and according to God's plan as revealed and described in the Bible in, I Peter 1:4.
Heaven is where God will have fellowship with those redeemed spiritually after their death on earth, with the redeemed resurrected body, they will be united for eternity in the new heaven and earth within the Dispensation of the Fullness of Time, II Corinthians 5:8,
- After Humanity became sinners, he had to offer an animal sacrifice for an atonement for thier sin. God provided the first animal sacrifice of atonement for both Adam and Eve individually, an animal clothing provided a covering for their spiritual and physical nakedness, Genesis 3:21, Hebrews 9:2.
A blood sacrifice of an animal was needed for the just payment of sin until Jesus Christ's finished work, who would provide the one just payment, and only His blood sacrifice was sufficient to meet the just requirement of God for sin eternally. (The process of offering the blood sacrifice changed through the dispensations, yet a blood sacrifice is required today, but it is the blood of Jesus Christ's sacrifice that He shed for us today, I Corinthians 6:20, 7:23, Ephesians 1:7, 2:13, Colossians 1:14,20, Hebrews 9:12.),
- With the need of a sacrifice, humans became killers of animals for a sin sacrifice until Christ's finished work on the cross, Hebrews 9,
- Humanity now had to pass along the communication of an animal blood sacrifice, which was required for sin. Humans were responsible passing this knowledge of the blood sacrifice to the next generation, telling them how the sacrifice was to be done, having the attitude of faith. The person who offered the sacrifice had to have faith when giving the sacrifice in order to be accepted, and given from a personal conviction from the individual or individuals. The family heads was primarily responsible to be the priest of his family, (example seen in the book of Job, caring out the sacrifices for his family and friends, Job 1:1-5), Hebrews 11:4, Hebrews 9:22, Deuteronomy 6:6-9.
The ordained institution of the priesthood that followed conscience changed with additional laws over the next dispensations, and when Jesus Christ came for the remission of sin, He changed the priesthood for eternity, Hebrews 10:10, Hebrews 9:12, Hebrews 7:27, Romans 6:10.),
- In the Dispensation of Conscience, God alone judged each person individually for murder, the Biblical account relating to Cain and Able show they had a direct governing Theocracy rule from God, Genesis 4:9-16. (God's direct rule changes in the next dispensations where government was established by God and organized by man. This government by man was to be subordinate to His supreme rule through them until He sets up His Earthly Kingdom where He will rule from the throne of David, in Jerusalem, ruling the earth directly as the head of all governments along with His glorified saints.)
Some of the changes found in the Dispensation of Human Government are:
- The earth atmosphere changed the living environment from a canopy of vapor over the earth to none. The oceans and mountains appear, certain animals die off, and God set his rainbow in the sky for a promise sign, and now the rain falls from the sky, watering the earth instead of the dew only, which modifies the husbandry, Genesis 2:5-6, 7:11, 9:12-17. (See: Genesis Flood. The Genesis Flood the Biblical Record and Its Scientific Implications, John C. Whitcomb: Book.
- People and animals started to eat animals for food, and it will continue until the 'Millennial' reign of Christ, Genesis 9:1-8 cf. Isaiah 11:1-6.
- The diet of humanity now included meat, they can eat any animal, along with the fruits of plants and trees, Genesis 9:3.
- Man could execute capital punishment on a murderer, showing God instituted human government, Genesis 9:5-6. We see by this time man had established a city community that influenced Noah and his children, along with the knowledge of a farming community, Genesis 9:20, Genesis 10:4, 8-12, 13-15.
- Humanity governed themselves, being accountable to God the Farther and God the Holy Spirit as He contends with man through his conscience, Genesis 6:3. The Holy Spirit's contending with humanity continues today, and will continue in the future, but at death His contending will end, death for the non-saved is the eternal judgment, Genesis 6:3, Acts 7:51, Ephesians 4:30-31, I Thessalonians 5:19.
- Humanity no longer had longevity of life, the lifespan became shorter, Genesis 11.
- God states He would not curse the ground or smite everything again because of the imaginations of man's heart as He did in the flood of the former dispensation, Genesis 6:5 cf. Genesis 8:21. Therefore, the punitive judgments of future dispensations would be different because of humanity's failure. Remember, He was talking about a universal flood judgment on earth, and it was connected to the Noahic covenant on the earth for humanity, Genesis 9:9-17. The governing rules is a rule for the earth which He would do forward, and humanity would be a recipient by covenant, and the rainbow is a sign of the change. This promise is made in the covenant, he promises to Noah which includes other promises, until the end of the earth. Note: Genesis 8:22, He states "as long as this world lasts," opening the door for understanding, a change will come in the future of the earth, the old earth would pass away for a New one will come at the end of the Dispensation of the Kingdom as revealed in Scripture, Revelation 21:1.
- In Genesis 10:25, the meaning that the earth was divided, is a reference to God's judgment on the dispensation of Human Government. We see the judgment in Genesis 10, references to different languages and the scattering into other areas on earth, 10:5, 10:18, and 10:20. In Genesis 11 the language and the earth's scattering was a result of the final sin at the Tower of Babel, starting the transition period, and the beginning of the Dispensation of Promise, where we see God choosing a people-group coming through Abraham for His messengers to bare His message to the world, Genesis 12:1-3.
- Humanity was scattered across the world, experiencing a modification in their languages, changing them according to God's determinate plan. Here, was the possibly event, which brought the different color of the skin and features seen in the different people-groups of today. They formed nations and communities, and fell into scriptural silence from this point of revelation, except when they made contact with God's chosen people, Abraham descendants as His stewards.
Some of the modified changes found in the Dispensation of Promise are:
- God chose an individual Abram, and renamed him Abraham, Nehemiah 9:7-8, and the choosing of his descendants, through the union of Sarah to work out His dispensation, called the Dispensation of Promise, Genesis 17:15-22, blessing the world through them, Genesis 12:1-7, 21:11-12, Galatians 3:7-9. Abraham was personally promised the fulfillment through his personal descendant's Israel that Jesus (the Savior) Christ would come, and fulfill the provision for redemption to the world. Also, making Abraham the father of faith because of his examples he set in his life, Romans 4, cf. Genesis 22:15-19, Galatians 3:16.
- Abraham was first called a Hebrew in God's word in Genesis 14:13. ‘One from the other side of the river', Euphrates. The language of the modern state of Israel is called Hebrew, in which the Old Testament was written. Abraham crossed-over from pagan beliefs of his world becoming a special father of a special nation, Joshua 24:1-3. Abraham and his descendants were chosen by God to represent Him as His steward Nation to the world, bringing the blessings of His incarnation, and God's Kingdom.
Abram would be the father of many nations. The Lord Jesus Christ would come to earth for the redemption of individuals who would trust in Christ, and having God impute righteousness without works, based on faith alone, the same kind of faith, as Abraham demonstrated in his lifetime, Romans 4, cf. Genesis 22:15-19, Galatians 3: 25-29, Titus 3:5, Ephesians 2:8,9. God changed Abram's name as part of the promise given to him personally, Genesis 17:1-8 and along with it, his descendants would be given possession of the land of the Canaanites indefinitely, Romans 4, Genesis 18:17-19, 24:7, 28:10-22.
The world was to be blessed through Abraham and his descendants, Genesis 12:1-7, 21:11-12, Galatians 3:7-9 and in doing that the Hebrew nation would receive blessings from God. The world desperately needed to accept the only true God of his chosen people, Isaiah 55; 56:1-8.
- The birth line of the incarnation, the 'promised-one' for the redemption of humanity, had been coming through a unidentified national line of individuals, but now the birth line would be contained in the Nation of Israel, Genesis 3:15, Luke 3:34-38. This promise would be through Abraham's seed in which Christ, the Savior, the eternal God, Himself would take on flesh to provide the means of deliverance from sin and its penalty. This forgiveness for the human race is offered free, making an individual a child of God's redemptive plan to anyone who would receive Him through His incarnation and sacrifice, Isaiah 9:6; Matthew 1:22-23; Hebrews 2:14; John 1:1, 14, Philippians 2:5-11. This plan is freely given to anyone who exercised the faith, which Abraham showed in life, putting their faith in Jesus, which gives eternal life at the moment of receiving Him as Lord, Romans 10:9,13, and a future ending that includes being a recipient of the new heaven and earth for eternity, John 1:12; I John 5:9-14; Ephesians 2:8-10; I Peter 1:3,4, Revelation 21:1; 22:12-19.
The world can be blessed today through the messages of the chosen instrument, the steward's message of God, which is a universal principle. This instrument of stewardship has been modified through the dispensations as God had planned, ordaining the stewardship in each dispensation to bless the world. Before, Israel there were individuals who were the stewards of blessing to the world, there was no specified race name given from Seth through Shem to Abraham, followed by the Nation of Israel, (Jews), and today by the Body of Christ, (Jew and Gentiles equal in all Nations), and in the future, the Lord Jesus Christ will come, and sit on the throne of David with all the redeemed, in the Dispensation of the Earthly and the Eternal Kingdom.
- During the Dispensation of Promise, God chose a land, and Nation for His chosen people to live, (Israel), Genesis 12:5-7, 13:14-17, 15:6-8,17-20, 17:8, and individuals in the world would be blessed according to their treatment of this Nation, Isaiah 56:1-8.
- Abraham's descendants were to spend a specified time, 430 years in Egypt until the sins of the inhabitants of that promised land reached its fullness of sin, Genesis 15:16; then God's judgment would come upon the inhabitants of the land, God using Abraham's descendants as His legal instruments of judgment, Genesis 15:12-16.
The land was given to the Nation of Israel in the dispensation of Promise by God, never was the descendants of Ishmael, and as we read of the account we find that Ishmael descendants were going to be a problem as they lived among the Israelite people, but ownership of the land would belong to the Nation of the Jewish people, Jacob's descendants, Genesis 15:17-21.
Today, this struggle is still going on, and governments need to use this truth, taking this into account when trying to settle the Middle East problems, Genesis 16:1-12, Genesis 21:1-21, Genesis 25:12-18, 26:1-6).
Abraham had other children from two other women besides Sarah his wife; Hagar, Sarah's servant, (Ishmael's mother), and Keturah, wife after Sarah's death. Keturah's children there exists no Biblical record of the gifts or blessing Abraham gave to them, only that he sent them away to the east. Abraham gave all his possessions through Isaac and Jacob to the promised people, the descendants of Sarah and himself, Genesis 25:1-6, I Chronicles 1:32-33.
Today, when trying to settle the conflicts in the Middle East, one needs to take into account the relationship with the children of Esau, also who was not part of the 12 tribes of the Nation of Israel, Isaac's son Esau, who was Jacob's fraternal twin brother. Esau was to be subordinate to Jacob and his children. Even though Esau was a Hebrew, he was not incorporated into the Nation of Israel. He was born the same time of Jacob, but the 12 tribes of the Nation came after his birth with the descendants of Jacob. Jacob's name was changed to Israel, Genesis 32:28, and the establishment of the twelve tribes of Israel were taken from Jacob's 12 children, through two different wives, and two separate handmaidens.
The descendants order make up the 12 tribes of the Nation Israel developed through, Abraham and Sarah, who were called Hebrews, Genesis 14:13, Isaac and Rebecca, then Jacob, whose name changed to Israel, and his union with four women, two wives and two handmaids, Rachel and Leah were wives, and his wives handmaid's Bilhah and Zilpah, birthing the twelve sons, Genesis 25:21- 23, 27:29-30, 25:23-26, Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, Issachar, Zebulun, Joseph and Benjamin.
- God chose this nation, Israel in the Dispensation of Promise to bring the New Covenant into fulfillment, completing the work of redemption with the Savior of the world, Galatians 4:4, John 1:11-12. God gave them the seal of circumcision as a seal of the promise to the Nation of Israel, which is an everlasting seal of the promise given in the Dispensation of Promise, Genesis 17:8-27, Genesis 21:1-5. Abraham being the first prophet for Israel emerged for their future. God calls Abraham a prophet, declaring him a prophet of the new dispensation, Genesis 20:7.
- After Abraham, and the time the Hebrews spent in Egypt, the Law of Moses was given along with the Mosaic covenant. Moses a prophet of God delivered the law to the nation, and alongside of the law a covenant was made, at Mount Sinai to the children of Israel, Deuteronomy 34:10. The Law of Moses modified and added many new laws for Israel's obedience. From this point in the Dispensation of Promise Israel's economy, their behavior, stewardship, and worship was to be followed according to these two documents.
The priesthood from the former dispensation is last seen operating with positive remarks recorded in scripture with Melchizedek and Moses' farther-in-law, Exodus 3:1, Exodus 18. These were the last recorded priests mentioned outside the Nation of Israel coming from the old dispensation, recorded in scripture, during the transitional period, Genesis 14:18-20, Hebrews 7:1. The last prophet mentioned who was not from the Nation of Israel was the disobedient prophet Balaam, who was from the former dispensation, Numbers, Chapters 22-24, 31. A principle truth of a dispensation is the transitional period where it is seen remnants of the old economy disappearing and the new dispensation taking full control, and this is seen with the recording of these two former offices of leadership from the old dispensation.
- The Law of Moses revised, and modified the former laws being added to the Dispensation of Promise, Galatians 3:16-20. The Law of Moses was added for the revealing of humanities sinfulness. Also, the priesthood changed or was modified by the Levites, taking the place of the family heads as priests. New revelation is given from God for humanities obedience through the judges, prophets, priests and kings within Israel's government.
- The Theocracy was rejected by Israel in favor for a government ruled by a King, I Samuel 8:6-10, 10:24, David was chosen for a king to rule where the Theocracy was that had been ordained by God. Israel's ruler David, was to rule from then on until, II Chronicles 9:7-8, the King of Kings would come being born in the Dispensation of Promise, the Lord Jesus Christ, the Messiah, I Samuel 28:17, II Samuel 2:4, 5:12, II Samuel 7, Isaiah 9:6-7, Luke 1:33, Isaiah 6:1, Revelation 17:14, 19:16. The Messiah's leadership was to lead the promised Nation's Kingdom, He would sit on David's throne forever, Genesis 35:10-11, Deuteronomy 17:14-18, Judges 17:6, I Samuel 2:10.
- The walk of faith for humanity changes through the dispensation from, living under the Theocracy government, before Moses, to the kingship government of the Levitical priesthood, and finally to the priesthood of Christ Jesus. The atonement sacrifice, and faith were offered through human priest, until the finished work of the eternal priesthood of Jesus Christ.
The government's rules and atoning sacrificial system rules that was given under the Dispensation of Promise were to be exercised for the people through the Levitical priesthood from Moses on, superintendence through prophets and by governmental support, ruled by kings.
The Levitical priesthood came to an end, redirected by God as recorded, and historically introduced into operation in the gospels, (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John), the redemption for humanity, and faith was redirected by God through the mediator Jesus Christ, I Timothy 2:5, Hebrews 8:6, Hebrews 9:15, Hebrews 12:24, who brought the fulfillment of the atonement offering, and priesthood of the Levites to an end, and make redemption complete, once for all times through a new priesthood, the priesthood of Christ Jesus that is eternal. This redemptive offering, and sacrifice was given by God Himself, John1:1,14, Hebrews 8,9, Hebrews 5,6:13-20, for the payment that was the just requirement for the sins of humans. The redemption which Christ Jesus' priesthood instituted can be received by anyone because it is offered freely, and those who receive it personally by faith for their lost estate, Ephesians 2:1-2.
- As you progress through each dispensation you discover there are modifications that have changed laws or rules of operation. However, the basic rule or law stayed constant especially when it's a universal law or rule. All through a dispensation the stewardship remains the same until the other principles or keys of operation is seen, the final failure or sin, the transition, and the punitive judgment all occurring, which signals the taking away, and changing of the stewardship of the dispensation, and God giving the stewardship to a new institution of stewards in the new dispensation.
Some of the changes found in the Dispensation of Grace are:
The Mystery dispensation, today's dispensation, is overlaying the Dispensation of Promise, holding off the completion of the transition into the Dispensation of the Kingdom, II Thessalonians 2:5,6, Romans 11:25,26, (Ephesians 3:1-12; Romans 16:24-27; Colossians 1:25-28,. However, when the Mystery Dispensation is over, the transition into the Dispensation of the Kingdom will have been completed. (See chapter on the Dispensation and chapter on the Dispensation of Grace).
With the Dispensation of Promise coming to an end, and the Dispensation of Grace taking control, the Nation of Israel's relationship to God and the world changed. Israel as a Nation no longer has the active unique position they once held, and they are no longer the only dispensers with the responsibility before God to carry out this stewardship for this administration, and the New Covenant for humanities redemption resulting in salvation and sanctification, II Corinthians 5:18-21, Isaiah 46:9,10; 43:10-11. Today all believers of all races, nationalities, and both sexes have become equal in the stewardship before the world.
However, scripture teaches that God is not finished with the Nation of Israel; still nations today are still receiving blessings or curses that is based on their treatment of Israel, which is a continuous principle. Today's relationship for any nation to be blessed is based on recognizing and protecting the Nation of Israel, because of the promises, and their eternal endearment. He is not finished with the plan He promised them is a fact. God is using today's dispensation as a judgment on Israel before the final judgment of the Tribulation period ends, hoping that many Jewish people will accept Messiah Jesus as savior and Lord. God will pick-up where he left off in His plan for Israel's stewardship after the Rapture. Matthew 1:21, Acts 15:13-19, Acts 7:51-56, 13:45,46, 18:6, 28:25-28, Romans 10-11, Isaiah 46:13.
After the failure of today's dispensation, God will go back, and finish dealing with His chosen Nation, fulfilling His promises, which were promised them by covenant, Romans 11:25-29 cross-reference I Timothy 4:1-5, II Timothy 4:1-8, Romans 11:1-24. He will resume His relationship where He left off in the first century, in calling Israel as a Nation to repent, imploring them to turn towards Jesus as their Messiah, and their only savior from their fallen nature and sin. At this future time God will restore to the Nation of Israel the major stewardship for the world, so the world can respond, and experience the Redemptive Covenant personally on the bases of faith, Isaiah 2:1-4, Isaiah 11,12, Isaiah 46:13.
The historical record of the Dispensation of Promise ending, was recorded during the book of Acts one through twenty-eight, chapter one through six cover the period of Israel's call to repentance. The stoning of Steven is their final rejection for change, coming in chapter seven with their rejection by the rejecting of his message, given to the leaders, and this is where the next dispensation starts, the Dispensation of Grace, the mystery dispensation, which begins the transition into today's dispensation taking control, and coming to full operation by the historical events after Acts 28, with the destruction of Israel's Temple in 70AD.
This mystery dispensation, referred to as the Dispensation of Grace is a continuation of the period called 'The Time of the Gentiles', it's bringing judgment on the Nation of Israel for their disobedience that began in the Old Testament. Instead of Israel and the world going into the period called the Tribulation that includes the Great Tribulation, God revealed His mystery dispensation, Colossians 1:25-26, Romans 16:25-29, Ephesians 3:9.
The time of the Gentiles began with the Northern 10 tribes going into captivity by the Assyrians, and later the Southern two tribes going into captivity by their enemy Babylon, Luke 21:20-24, Romans 11, II Kings 18:1, 9-12, 33-34, Ezekiel 23, Revelation 6:12-17. The time of the Gentiles will come to an end with the return to earth of Christ Jesus, which is at the end of the transition that covers the Tribulation period including the Great Tribulation, Luke 21:24, Daniel 12:1-4, Matthew 24:15, 21, Mark 13:14, Revelation 2:22; 7:9,14, II Thessalonians 2:1-6.
The Dispensation of Grace is a mystery that had been hid in God prophetically, and implemented by God resulting from Israel's failure as a Nation, this judgment on the Nation of Israel resulted in their losing the stewardship exclusively, Romans 11:11,12, 25; 25-27, Colossians 1:26, 27; Ephesians 3:9. Changing is part of the uniqueness, and one of the elements of the judgment on the Nation of Israel. God is using the Gentile nations as his instrument of judgment on his chosen people. Today's dispensation is not the final Gentile judgment, but one of the judgments, and the final one is coming during the tribulation period that is after the Rapture. The stewardship today is given to all humanity through the Church, called His Body in the mystery dispensation.
Today's dispensation gives all believers' part of the spiritual blessings, which were all Israel's before, Romans 15:27, Ephesians 1:3, Galatians 4:26, Ephesians 2. Today's believers, the children of God who have a personal relationship with God through Christ Jesus, and the indwelling of the Holy Spirit, are promised these blessings, Ephesians 1:13, Philippians 2:12-16, Romans 8:16, John 1:12.
Believers today wait for the glorification of the physical body with the Rapture, at the last trump ending this dispensation, and uniting the spirit and body together with their eternal characteristics, I Thessalonians 4:13-18, I Corinthians 15:51-52, I Corinthians 15:35,38, 42-55, Philippians 3:21, Matthew 22:30, Luke 20:34-36, (This trump is not the ending of the world, or the ending of the tribulation period, but the last trump for the mystery dispensation). When Christ returns to rule on earth, reigning in His Kingdom, believers will experience by participation, receiving the promises given them for faithfulness in today's dispensation, Colossians 3:4, I Thessalonians 4:14, II Timothy 4:8, I Corinthians 6:2-3, II Corinthians 5:10.
Believers today are receiving their part of the covenant and promises along with Israel, Ephesians 2:6-13, and into the Millennial reign of Christ, all believers in today's dispensation will be representing Him as His Body to the Nations including Angels in their glorified state, I Corinthians 6:2-3, (Note: this passage speaks of a future time were believers today will be judging Angels as well as humanity on earth, and the only time in the future that this need will be present is through the Millennial reign, under Christ Jesus' Kingship here on earth, during the Dispensation of the Kingdom. Believers of this dispensation today will be in their glorified bodies by this time since the Rapture had already occurred).
Furthermore, there will be no need for judgment of men and Angels in the Eternal Kingdom, since punitive judgment will have occurred with the Great White Throne judgment, Revelation 20:10-15, and the fulfillment of chapters 21 and 22 of the new heaven and new earth is complete. The Great White throne ends Satan's domain, and will mark the completion of redemption.
At the Rapture, all believers since the beginning of the world will be resurrected, and receive their rewards as promised them during the time of their life here on earth, in accordance with the dispensation they lived, I Thessalonians 4:13-18, II Corinthians 5:10.
I Corinthians 15, verses 21-23, prophesies of different resurrections at different times. There are different resurrections, but all believers since the beginning of the world to the Rapture will be with Christ at the end of the Dispensation of Grace, I Thessalonians 4:13-18, still there will be resurrections at the end of the Tribulation period, going into the Dispensation of the Kingdom, and finally those from the Dispensation of the Kingdom's end, going into the eternal dispensation; this is the last resurrection of saints, and it is at the end of the Millennial reign of Christ going into the New Heaven and Earth, the Dispensation of the Fullness of Time, Revelation 20: 4-5, Daniel 12:1-4.
Believer's resurrection is not the mystery, but the time of the resurrections was a mystery since it was not specifically foretold in prophecy in other dispensations, or when it would occur; the Rapture ends the Dispensation of Grace of today's dispensation for the believers, when they are taken off this earth, for this truth is part of the mystery revelation, given to the Apostle Paul, II Thessalonians 2:5-7, Ephesians 3:2-3.
- Believers of the mystery Dispensation of Grace, ends with the Rapture. Those left behind, the nonbeliever, will die during the transition, or at the end of the tribulation at the Battle of Armageddon, Revelation 16:13-16.
The raptured event is the meeting of Jesus Christ's return in the sky, where He does not set physically here on earth, at this time He will call all believers from all dispensations, present and prior ones, and reuniting them with their physical bodies, this calling will be for all believers, dead and alive, meeting with Him in the air. After the Rapture the transition begins, the seven-year Tribulation will occur, and will end with the Lord Jesus' second return, and coming physically setting residency on earth, Zechariah 14:3, and ruling, claiming and sitting literally on the throne of David in the kingdom in Israel, signaling the Dispensation of the Kingdom taking full control of the economy on earth, Zechariah 14.
All humanity in the Dispensation of Grace are individually responsible to God for faithfulness, and the propagation of the gospel of the New Covenant, I Timothy 2:19, Titus 3:8, Ephesians 2:8-10, Romans 1:16, 10:9-13, I Corinthians 1:2, 18, John 17, II Corinthians 5:18-22.
Equality makes this dispensation unique between the Nation of Israel and other nations that are part of the mystery not revealed in prophecy, Ephesians 2:14-22 making 'one new' entity the Body of Christ:
All can, and need to approach God the same way through Christ Jesus and to establish a local church according to scriptures relating to the dispensation's rules, Romans 12, I Corinthians 12, Ephesians 4, Hebrews 10:25, I Timothy 3, Titus 1.
V 15-18 "His purpose was to create in himself one new man out of the two, thus making peace, 16and in this one body to reconcile both of them to God through the cross".
The called out believers or church today are the called out people of God representing Him as His Body in this world. Rules of a personal nature are involved, believers are responsible, before this world today, to live as our Lord would have lived, Colossians 2:6, 7, Colossians 1:10.
Believers today have a very high calling, they are representing Him in bodily form. Today, believers are not a subject under a king, but representatives of His Body, the Body is not setting up the kingdom here on earth, instead given an eternal message of reconciliation with God for eternity, Ephesians 1:22-23, Ephesians 5:8, Colossians 1:18, I Corinthians 12:27, II Corinthians 5:18-22.
However, being representatives of His Body does not negate believers today to ignore the characteristics of the Kingdom that will come on earth and followed by the heavenly Kingdom, we are to live the universal principles of holiness, justice, righteousness with care. When today believers die they become part of God's eternal Kingdom. We are to teach the Kingdom, coming in accordance to the correct dispensational understanding as He opens our eyes, to the truths found in the scriptures.
Therefore, all of humanity today are part of the mystery hid in God that was not in prophecy within the Old Testament. Believers are part of today's mysteries with the blessings given to the Church called His Body. Believers are part of the future scope of God's plan given to believers equality according to the gifts promised to the Body, and believers find today a uniqueness found in the Pauline epistles.
Paul wrote the majority of the books of the New Testament revealing the Dispensation of Grace for today. The Apostle Paul was directed by God the Holy Spirit to write at least twelve of the New Testament books, and possibly thirteen. These truths show how the plan of God was planned with the modification from His plan through the Nation of Israel in the Dispensation of Promise.
Some of the modified changes which will be found in the Dispensation of Kingdom, the 1000 year reign of Christ (Millennium):
The Rapture of the Church passed when the transition into the Dispensation of the Kingdom here on earth takes place, and all non-believers are in the historical events written in the Book of Revelation going through the Tribulation period, and ending in their destruction by death in the battle judgment of Armageddon. The full operation of the literal reign of Christ on earth begins with His second coming and appearing, and going through the Millennial reign, ending with the Great White throne Judgment, Revelation 16:13-16, Revelations 19:11-21.
Modifications such as, God the Son lives and rules as King eternal, He comes to earth the second time, and has an earthly presence where He rules the whole earth from the New Jerusalem. Believers of the Dispensation of Grace are now in their glorified bodies. The non-believers who heard the gospel message and rejected it, living at the time of the Rapture will not be saved during the tribulation period, but come to their death at this time.
The Transition from the former dispensation of Grace into the Kingdom Dispensation, is from the Rapture to our Lord's second coming to earth.
The period of time call the tribulation with the great tribulation can be identified in prophecy by the phrases "the day of the Lord, that day, in that day, or latter days". The "day of the Lord" is a conclusion phrase ending with Christ Jesus literal return, and the other phrases refers to the whole or parts of the judgment period in the transition. Sometimes when reading prophecy the two phrases has to be evaluated closely in context with other scripture references to determine if the prophecy is the total period of time or the concluding event with Christ coming to earth, Isaiah 2:2,11-12, 20; 3:7, 18; 4:1-2; 5:30.
It would be proper to warn that when a writer is writing about future events or dispensations one can miss the full understanding of what the Holy Spirit was referring to, or in expressing the fullness. However, this should not prevent them from trying to understand future events. One must be mindful to take into account when reading and studying prophecy, it can bundle the events together, where it looks like the same period of time of the event, but in reality there is more than one time-period for the events. Why? When the prophet wrote the scriptural prophecy, he saw all the events bundled together because he was looking down through history. As he looked he would see the next event of God's plan looking as one and not able to distinguish between the timing of the events, this makes absolutes hard to discern at times.
With that said, let's study the scriptures of the following dispensations and seek to be accurate and see the symmetry of God's total plan that will help to clarify future events and timing of each.
The full operation of the Kingdom Dispensation begins at our Lord's second coming to earth when He establishes it in its fullness.
- However, it's important to remember the Dispensation of the Kingdom started with the transition, and the completion of the former dispensation at the Rapture. The nonbelievers left from the Rapture come to their demise by the completion in the transition by the end of the Great Tribulation, also call God's Wrath Judgment that was prophesied as the punitive judgment of refining. God will separate the sheep from the goats, or the tares from the wheat at this Judgment, Matthew 25:32; 13:30.
- Jesus Christ receives His Kingdom sitting on the throne of David ruling over the Nation of Israel and the world, Matthew 25:31-32. The Lord Jesus will be exalted alone in that day, being the KING of Kings and the LORD of Lords, Isaiah 2:17, I Timothy 6:15, Revelation 1:8; 17:14; 19:16; 22:7,12-13,16.
- Satan is confined to the Abyss or Bottomless Pit for 1000 years ending the transition and tribulation period, Revelation 20:1-3. Satan remains in prison until the end of the Millennial reign of Christ, when he is released for a short time, and the battle of Gog and Magog is fought, and finally, for eternity he is cast into the Lake of Fire, Revelation 20:7-10.
- Those who had been martyred in the tribulation period will be resurrected at this time and participate with Christ Jesus, His Messianic Rule, for the 1000 years, Revelation 20:4-6.
- All the saints from previous dispensations come along with Christ Jesus, and participate in the Dispensation of the Kingdom, Revelation 17:14; 19:11-16, I Corinthians 6:2-3.
- Finally in the earthly Kingdom, the Nation of Israel receives their prophesied promises, and are back in proper relationship with God, being restored to leadership in the dispensation. The world will be blessed, and ruled through this kingdom which Christ's reign, Romans 9:27, 28. Isaiah 1:26, 2:2-5, 9:1-7, Isaiah 11, 12, Isaiah 60:1-18.
- Under Christ's authority those in the Nation of Israel, who are still in their natural physical body, along with the believers of Body of Christ, saved in today dispensation along with all the saint of previous dispensations, which will be in their glorified bodies, are set up to ruler and judge over the nations of men and Angels, which fulfills the Body of Christ's promises, receiving their promises of being a part of the promises and covenant promised to Israel, Ephesians 2, I Corinthians 6:2-3, Hebrews 9:14, 15.
The Raptured saints of the former dispensations, will probably be scattered throughout the nations ruling, and responsible for the delivering of the domestic products to the Nation of Israel. The Body of Christ will be under the rule of Christ in their glorified bodies, (also old testament believers since Adam and believers killed in the seven-year tribulation are included in the reign of Christ in their glorified bodies ruling and reigning, Revelation 20:4,5).
- The world's Government will be headquartered from the land of Israel in the middle east, Isaiah 2:2; Zechariah 14:4, Revelation 21:10-11. It will be established and nations will go there to be taught how to walk in the ways of the eternal God through Christ's ruler-ship, and the nations of the world will want to go there giving respect to the Government of God, Isaiah 2:3. The nations of the world will be judged and rebuked when needed, and the nations will no longer learn war or move against one another in battle, Isaiah 2:4; Micah 4:1-8.
- The Temple in Jerusalem will be established, Verses 1-2
- This Capital will be exalted above all others in the world Verse 2.
- All nations will be subordinate, and accountable to the leadership there, Verses 2-3.
- There will be agreement of the nations, reporting to the world's capital, to the God of Jacob, Verse 3, Zechariah 14:16-21.
- God will teach the nations the way to live in justice, righteousness and holiness, Verse 3.
- Humanity will walk in the ways of God's leadership for the laws of the LORD will come from Jerusalem, Verse 3.
- Justice for the nations will come from Jerusalem, the capital of the world, Verse 4.
- Nations will be rebuked for disobedience, Verse 9.
- The world will not build war implements, Verse 9.
- The former leftover war equipment will be converted into useful life's equipment, Verse 9.
- Nations will not fight with other nations or learn war, Verse 9.
- Long longevity of life will be restored. Those born in this dispensation that reject Christ, and his authority will be judged by the age of 100, believer could live in their natural body for the full 1000 years, Isaiah 65:19-21.
Changes found in the Dispensation of the Fullness of Times - the Eternal Kingdom are:
- God rules forever, His Kingdom never ends, Exodus 15:18.
- Satan will be released that starts the last transition into the final dispensation, the Dispensation of the Fullness of Time, or the Eternal Kingdom, for a short period in the transition, Satan gathers all the Christ haters, who were born during the 1000 years, and rejected Christ Jesus. They will march against Christ in battle, the last battle called, 'The Battle of Gog and Magog', Revelation 20:7-10. Jesus Christ will destroy this rebellion by the words of His mouth bringing an final end to rebellion and Satan. The end results of the last punitive judgment, will be Satan being cast into the Lake of Fire, followed by all non-believers from the beginning of the world, who were judged at the Great White Throne by the Lord, Revelation 20:11-15.
- The Great White Throne Judgment is the last punitive judgment, from the old dispensation, the Dispensation of the earthly Kingdom, and God creates the New Heaven and Earth with the wedding feast of the Lamb takes place, ending the transition. Heaven and earth now comes together for all eternity.
- The Great White Throne judgment, Hell gave up the dead which were in it, and all those who rejected God's provision, and are not written in the Book of Life were judged by Christ Jesus, and found guilty from the books written: the Word of God, the Book of Life and the Bible, Revelation 21:27, John 12:48, 5:39 and other nameless books that are not mentioned.
The nonbelievers from the beginning of the creation are cast into the Lake of Fire forever. Hell which is inside the core of this earth, (compare Ephesians 4:9,10, I Peter 3:18-20, Revelation 21:1) has been thrown into the Lake of Fire, the eternal judgment, which will never end, also Satan and his angels, and Satan's representatives are all cast into the Lake of Fire that was created for them, Revelation 20:10-15, Mark 9:48, Isaiah 66:24, Luke 16:24, 25, Jude 1:5-7,14-16, Matthew 24:51, Matthew 25:41, 46, 30.
- All the saints from the former dispensations will be at the wedding feast of the Lamb, and the Dispensation of the Fullness of Time taking full control, also call the Kingdom of God. This dispensation or Kingdom never end. Many new rules will be instituted by Christ's rule on earth some will some will be carried over from the former dispensation, which are eternal rules, and they come into their eternal fullness of operation, taking full effect in perfection.
- The Eternal Dispensation is a perfect Kingdom, the conditions and environment that had not been since the Garden of Eden, will never fail like in the first dispensation, Ephesians 1:10, Revelation 21:1-4, 22-27, Revelation 22.
- The eternal dispensation saved humanity will live in the new heaven and new earth, for the former one has passed away. In the new heaven and new earth there will be no sea, there is no sun, moon or stars because Christ Jesus lights this new world, the New Jerusalem will be there and the Tree of Life appears, Revelation 22:2,14. Isaiah 65:17-28, 66:22-24.
- There will be no more death, sorrow, sin or failures, only the redeemed believers will be there, the animal kingdom will be delivered from experiencing decay and destruction, Revelation 21:1-4, Romans 8:18-23.
- There will be no nonbelievers, no evil, unrighteousness or nothing unclean in the Dispensation of the Fullness of Times (also called the eternal Kingdom of God or heaven, Revelation 21:8, 27.
- The Lord Jesus Christ delivers everything to the Father after God's plan is completed, and the Lord Jesus Christ becomes submissive with His authorized responsibility, placing himself under God the Father in keeping with the chain of command revealed in scripture. God shows order in command and in his dispensational schematic over the history of man. God is one and within this one God there is Father, Son and Holy Spirit each transcending in their unique responsibilities which the Godhead determined in His eternal counsel and within Himself, (a plural noun found for the one God in the Hebrew in Genesis is 'Elohim' showing the trinity in one personage), Psalm 8:6, I Corinthians 15:27-28.
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By: Theodore D Pestor/ President/Pastor BTH