IV PNEUMATOLOGY - The Doctrine of the Holy Spirit or Teaching of the Holy Spirit


The Holy Spirit is the third Person of the Godhead. 

  • He was active in creation along with the Father and Son.  
  • He is co-equal and co-eternal with God the Father and God the Son. The Holy Spirit is omnipresent from eternity;
  • He indwells believers in a special way since the day of Pentecost which is permanent until the day of redemption. 
  • He is the Author of Scripture and the One Who enables believers to understand and
  • He enables believers to live lives pleasing to the Lord.
  • He seals, baptizes, guides, fills, teaches and sanctifies, helping believers in their lives.
  • He convicts of sin, righteousness and judgment.
  • He regenerates all believers.
  • He gave gifts to men in order to edify the body of Christ so as to mature in Christ.

There were certain gifts which passed away with the completion of the canon of Scripture:   tongues, miracles used as signs, prophets and apostles.  

His work is to glorify Christ and not Himself (Jn. 15:26).

I. The Holy Spirit is a Person and the features of His person- personality show it. He has Intellect
    (I Cor. 2:10-11; Rom. 8:27), Emotion (Eph. 4:30) and Will (I Cor. 12:11).

 A.   Aspects relating to His name which show personality.

  1. Comforter or Counselor (Paraclete) (John 14:26; 15:26).
  2. He is associated with other Persons: The Father and Son (Matt. 28:19), with Christ (Jn. 16:14 cf. 17:4), and with Christians (Acts 15:28).

 B. His acts are acts of personality.

  1. He speaks (Acts 13:1-4; Jn. 16:13; Acts 1:16; 2 Pet. 1:21).
  2. He teaches and brings to remembrance (John 14:26).
  3. He testifies (Jn. 15:26).
  4. He convicts of sin, confirms righteousness and admonish in judgment (Jn. 16:8).
  5. He intercedes (Rom. 8:26).
  6. He sends forth (Acts 13:4).
  7. He performs actions (I Cor. 12:13).

 C. Personality is shown by being able to quench or grieve (I Th. 5:19; Eph. 4:30).

II. The Holy Spirit is God (Deity) Acts 5:3 cf. 4.

                 A. His Characteristics are Deity.

  1. Eternal (Heb. 9:14).
  2. Omnipresent (Ps. 139:7-10).
  3. Omniscient (I Cor. 2:10-11).
  4. Omnipotent (Gen. 1:2, Lk. 1:35).
  5. Moral (Gal. 5:22).

                  B. His Works are Deity.

  1. Creation (Gen. 1:2) Sustaining (Ps. 104:10-14,30).
  2. Raised Christ from dead (Rom. 8:11, I Pet. 3:18).
  3. Inspiring Scripture (2 Pet. 1:21).
  4. Bestowed life (Jn. 6:63; Rom. 8:2).
  5. Regeneration (Jn. 3:8; Titus 3:5).
  6. Seals (Eph. 1:13).

III. The Holy Spirit in the O.T.

  1. He strove ( execute judgment, or plead against difficulties) or contended with men (Gen. 6:3).
  2. The Holy Spirit would indwell men (Gen. 41:38; Num. 27:18) but not necessarily stay
    (Num. 11:16,17; Judges 3:10; I Sam. 10:10; 11:6; 19:23, Ps 51:11).
  3. The coming on men was to enable them for a special task (Ex. 28:3; 31:3; 35:31).
  4. Prayer was made to keep the Holy Spirit (Ps. 51:11).

IV. The Holy Spirit in the New Testament

  1. Anointed Jesus Christ and empowered Him in His work (Luke 3:21,22; 4:18),
  2. Worked in the Life of Christ (Acts 1:1-2),
  3. Holy Spirit is a gift to those who believe in Christ (Acts10:45, 11:17,18)
  4. Convicts of sin (Jn. 16:7-11),
  5. Gives implementation of the New Covenant at Pentecost (Acts 2),
  6. Calls to salvation (Jn. 3:6; 6:63; 16:12-16), Before salvation one is blinded (2 Cor 4:3-4)
  7. Baptizes into the Body of Christ (I Cor. 12:13),
  8. Gives gifts to individuals (I Pet. 4:10; I Cor. 12; Rom. 12; ),
  9. Gives gifts to the church (2 Ti.1:6,7,  Eph. 4:8,11)
  10. Seals (Jn. 6:27 ; II Cor. 1:21,22; Eph. 1:13,14; 4:30),
  11. Permanently indwells believers (Rom. 8:9; Jn. 14:16 ; Eph. 4:30), Living in our body (I Cor. 3: 16,17; 6:19, 1 John 5:16-21)
  12. Teaches and comforts (John 14:26),
  13. Guides (Acts 8:27-29; Jn. 14:12-15),
  14. Gives assurance (Rom. 8:16),
  15. Gives freedom from bondage of sin (Rom. 8:2,12,13; Gal. 5:16-26),
  16. Gives power to prayer (Rom. 8:26,27; Eph. 6:18; Jude 20).
  17. Sanctifies the believer (II Thess. 2:13; I Pet. 1:2).
  18. Illuminates, enables you to discern spiritual truths (1 Cor. 2:9-14).
  19. The Spirit of God give us the ability to test the true Spiritual facts from error ( 1 John 4:1-6)

Illustration of the Godhead or trinity of the one God in three persons Father, Son and Holy Spirit:

    Time - time is one and made up of three unique parts which are all the one time. There is past, present and future and each one of itself is not the other and would not exist without the other. Without all three time would not exist, take away past and time ceases to exist, it is not present time or future, this is the same for present or future.

 


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